Ebola

Ebola 740

Ebola virus is the reason behind viral hemorrhagic fever. It is a deadly disease that affects both humans and non-human primates, like chimpanzees.

Know more about what causes Ebola, the symptoms and what are the ways of preventing it from spreading.

The following information has been gathered from the websites of the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States.

Causes

Ebola is the result of an infection by the Ebola virus. There are four known species that can cause harm to humans, all of which originate in Africa.

Ebola is transmitted in the following ways:

  1. Direct contact with infected animals, their blood and meat products
  2. Direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids or secretions (faeces, vomit, saliva, urine of semen) of an infected symptomatic person. A person who does not show symptoms is not contagious.
  3. Direct contact with the organs or body of someone who has died.

Infection occurs if broken skin or mucous membranes such as the eyes, nose or mouth, of a healthy person come into contact with the above or with items or environments that have become contaminated with an Ebola patient's infectious fluids. These include such things as soiled clothing, bed linen or used needles.

Ebola is not an airborne infection neither is it transmitted through water contamination.

Symptoms

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola virus, though 8-10 days is most common: Symptoms include:

  • Sudden high fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Aching joints or muscles
  • Sore throat
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Lack of appetite 
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising

The early symptoms of Ebola are similar to those of flu (high fever, aching muscles, tiredness, sore throat) so it is possible that people may confuse the symptoms of flu with those of Ebola. Flu is likely to be accompanied a runny or blocked nose, sneezing and a dry chesty cough. Ebola symptoms will develop to include stomach pain, vomiting , diarrhoea, as well as unexplained bleeding and bruising.

If you are concerned, contact your local Health Authority or health care professional or further information and advice.

Prevention Tips

Ebola Prevention Tips

If you are residing in or travelling to an area that is affected by the Ebola outbreak, safeguard yourself by doing the following:

  • Frequently wash your hands with soap and water.
  • Stay away from bodily fluids and blood of any person, especially people who are ill.
  • Do not come in close contact with the blood and bodily fluids of an infected person
  • Do not come in contact with the body of someone who has died from Ebola
  • Do not come in contact with non-human primates or bats or their body fluids and blood. Also, do not touch or consume meat prepared from these animals
  • Stay away from hospitals where Ebola patients are being treated unless you are suspecting Ebola
  • If you get fever (temperature of 38.6°C or 101.5°F) and any of these symptoms (headache, muscle pain, diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach pain, or unexplained bruising or bleeding), go visit a doctor immediately
  • Restrict your contact with other people until you see a doctor. Do not travel anywhere else besides a healthcare facility.

If you reside in an area where there is no sustained outbreak, the best way to safeguard yourself, your family and community is by reporting to the nearest health facility if you suffer from any symptoms related to Ebola.

Frequently Asked Questions

Myths and Truths

Does Dettol Kill Ebola?

Dettol products have shown to eliminate a wide range of viruses which share similar structure to that of Ebola. But, Dettol products have not been tested specifically to cure Ebola because of the extreme risk associated with the virus. There are only a handful number of laboratory facilities capable of handling the virus and they are purely focusing on finding the vaccine.
The most vital public health suggestion is that consumers seek medical help as soon as they are suspected with Ebola infection

 

Can I get Ebola from a person who is infected but doesn’t have any symptoms?

No. Individuals who do not exhibit any symptoms are not contagious. In order for the virus to be spread, an individual has to come in direction contact with the individual who is showing symptoms..

Can Ebola be transmitted through the air?

No, Ebola is not a respiratory disease like the flu, so it is not transmitted through the air. 

Can I get Ebola from contaminated food or water?

No. Ebola is not a food-borne illness. It is not neither a water-borne illness.

Can you get Ebola from mosquitos?

No. There is no proof that mosquitoes or other insects can spread Ebola virus. Only a certain species of mammals (for instance, humans, apes, and monkeys) have shown the chances of getting infected with Ebola and spread the virus.

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